On November 30, 2017 Foundation Medicine, Inc. (NASDAQ:FMI) reported that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved FoundationOne CDx, the company’s comprehensive companion diagnostic test for solid tumors (Press release, Foundation Medicine, NOV 30, 2017, View Source [SID1234522325]). FoundationOne CDx is intended for use by health care professionals to help inform cancer treatment management in accordance with professional guidelines for patients with solid tumors. The first and only FDA-approved test of its kind for all solid tumors, FoundationOne CDx is a diagnostic test that acts as:
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a comprehensive companion diagnostic to identify patients who may benefit from treatment with specific FDA-approved targeted therapies;
a comprehensive genomic profiling (CGP) test that includes genomic biomarkers to help inform the use of other targeted oncology therapies, including immunotherapies;
a tool for physicians that identifies patient opportunities for clinical trial participation; and,
an FDA-approved platform for companion diagnostic development for biopharma companies developing precision therapeutics.
FoundationOne CDx assesses all classes of genomic alterations in 324 genes known to drive cancer growth, providing potentially actionable information to help guide treatment decisions. It is also indicated as a companion diagnostic for patients with certain types of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), melanoma, colorectal cancer, ovarian cancer or breast cancer to identify those patients who may benefit from treatment with one of 17 on-label targeted therapies, including 12 therapies currently approved as first-line therapy for their respective indications. FoundationOne CDx also reports genomic biomarkers, such as microsatellite instability (MSI) and tumor mutational burden (TMB), that can help inform the use of immunotherapies; genomic alterations in other genes relevant to patient management; and, relevant clinical trial information.
Based on previous CGP testing conducted by Foundation Medicine, it is estimated that approximately 1 in 3 patients across five common advanced cancers are expected to match with an FDA approved therapy.1 The number of matched on-label therapies indicated on FoundationOne CDx is expected to increase over time as Foundation Medicine and its biopharma partners pursue FDA approval for additional companion diagnostics on the platform. Today, approximately 50% of new cancer drugs in development are projected to have a companion biomarker.2
Concurrent with FDA approval, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued a preliminary National Coverage Determination (NCD) for FoundationOne CDx. The draft NCD would provide coverage for FDA-approved companion diagnostic claims, as well as a pathway for additional coverage with evidence development in other solid tumor types. The final policy is expected to issue during the first quarter of 2018 following public comment of the preliminary NCD and an administrative period.
"Today we know that many people with cancer do not receive biomarker testing, let alone the comprehensive genomic testing they need to be efficiently matched to the best therapeutic option," said Andrea Ferris, President and CEO of LUNGevity Foundation. "This FDA approval means that, in one test, patients can access therapies where companion diagnostics have been established for their cancer while getting a broad tumor profile that can identify the therapies and clinical trials they could most benefit from. Along with the preliminary national coverage determination, this has the potential to democratize next-generation sequencing, lowering the barriers for patients treated in the community to access these biomarker-driven treatments."
"Comprehensive genomic profiling is the gateway to precision medicine. This decision from the FDA and CMS, which may lead to coverage for Medicare patients, represents an important step forward in improving patient and clinician access to precision medicine – both in setting a new quality standard for this type of testing and offering potentially improved healthcare coverage," said Ankur R. Parikh, DO, Medical Director of Precision Medicine, Cancer Treatment Centers of America. "Access to important genomic information is a critical step in being able to offer innovative and targeted treatment options."
FoundationOne CDx results are delivered in an integrated report that identifies alterations matched to FDA approved therapies, identifies additional alterations in genes known to drive cancer growth, furnishes information about genomic biomarkers, including MSI and TMB, provides relevant clinical trial information, and includes interpretive content developed in accordance with professional guidelines in oncology for patients with any solid tumor.
"Today’s historic parallel review decision from the FDA and CMS represents a major advancement in personalized cancer care," said Troy Cox, chief executive officer at Foundation Medicine. "Physicians will have an FDA-approved test for all solid tumors in their toolkit that can inform targeted and immunotherapy selection, as well as identify patient opportunities for clinical trial participation. Beyond its implications for patient care, we expect that FoundationOne CDx will provide biopharma companies with an FDA-approved platform that can help accelerate drug development and enable personalized oncology care. On behalf of the Foundation Medicine team, I’d like to thank FDA and CMS for their leadership and collaboration as we continue to work through the parallel review process with a shared mission of transforming cancer care."
FoundationOne CDx is the first solid tumor comprehensive genomic profiling test reviewed by the FDA and CMS in their Parallel Review program. FDA approval was based on analytic validation and concordance studies with FDA-approved assays. FoundationOne CDx is expected to be commercially available following finalization of the NCD from CMS.
Conference Call and Webcast Details
Foundation Medicine will conduct a conference call to discuss FDA approval and the draft national coverage determination from CMS for FoundationOne CDx on Friday, December 1 at 8:30 a.m. ET. To access the conference call via phone, dial 1-877-270-2148 from the United States and Canada, or dial 1-412-902-6510 internationally, and for either number reference Foundation Medicine. Dial in approximately ten minutes prior to the start of the call. The live, listen-only webcast of the conference call may be accessed by visiting the investors section of the company’s website at investors.foundationmedicine.com. A replay of the webcast will be available shortly after the conclusion of the call and will be archived on the company’s website for two weeks following the call.
About FoundationOne CDx
FoundationOne CDx is a next generation sequencing based in vitro diagnostic device for detection of substitutions, insertion and deletion alterations (indels), and copy number alterations (CNAs) in 324 genes and select gene rearrangements, as well as genomic signatures including microsatellite instability (MSI) and tumor mutational burden (TMB) using DNA isolated from formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue specimens. The test is intended as a companion diagnostic to identify patients who may benefit from treatment with the targeted therapies listed below in accordance with the approved therapeutic product labeling. Additionally, FoundationOne CDx is intended to provide tumor mutation profiling to be used by qualified health care professionals in accordance with professional guidelines in oncology for patients with solid malignant neoplasms. The FoundationOne CDx assay is a single-site assay performed at Foundation Medicine, Inc.
EGFR exon 19 deletions and EGFR exon 21 L858R alterations, which may indicate efficacy of erlotinib, afatinib or gefitinib in patients with NSCLC.
EGFR exon 20 T790M alterations which may indicate efficacy of osimertinib in NSCLC patients
ALK rearrangements which may indicate efficacy of crizotinib, alectinib or certinib in NSCLC patients
BRAF V600E which may indicate efficacy of dabrafenib in combination with trametinib in NSCLC patients
BRAF V600E which may indicate efficacy of vemurafenib or dabrafenib in melanoma patients
BRAF V600E and V600K which may indicate efficacy of trametinib or cobimetinib in combination with vemurafenib in melanoma patients
ERBB2 (HER2) amplification which may indicate efficacy of trastuzumab, pertuzumab orado-trastuzumab-emtansine in patients with breast cancer
KRAS wild-type (absence of mutations in codons 12 and 13) which may indicate efficacy of cetuximab in patients with colorectal cancer
KRAS wild-type (absence of mutations in exons 2, 3 and 4) and NRAS wild-type (absence of mutations in exons 2, 3 and 4) which may indicate efficacy of panitumumab in patients with colorectal cancer
BRCA1/2 alterations which may indicate efficacy of rucaparib in patients with ovarian cancer
For more information about FoundationOne CDx, visit View Source